The Non-Unus and the Est-Non-Est Epistemology of Jain Philosophy

Everything we hear is an opinion, not a fact. Everything we see is a perspective, not the truth.                                                                                                              -Marcus Aurelius Jainism is one of the four major Indic religious. It dates back to the fifth century BCE, but its followers hold that aside from its historical founder Vardhamana Mahavira, the system owes its […]


Consider our form and features now. They have changed since we were  babies, but they are not newly formed: We have grown with the eyes and ears, limbs and heart with which we were born. But what about our prenatal state? Were we with arms and legs, eyes and ears since the day of our […]


  Never forget your indebtedness to ancestors                                  – A Shinto teaching. At a time when the actions and utterances  of a growing number of people affiliated to various religions tend to degrade the vision of religion in the minds […]

Kinds of Original Thought

It is curious how we hit on the same idea.                        – Charles Darwin There are and have been  more original thinkers in the world than are recorded in history. Original thinking is of there kinds or orders: First order originality is when a person not […]


“Him whom but just before they beheld transfigured in a glorious epiphany upon the mount…”                                                                 Jeremy Taylor A physicist friend of mine, working on an abstruse […]

Reflected Glory: Lilavati et al.

Though only reflecting sunlight, the Moon still shines       Bhaskara was an eminent Indian astronomer-mathematician  of the 12th century. One of his works is  entitled Lilavati.   An interesting story tells us how it got this name.   Bhaskara calculated from his daughter Lilavati’s  horoscope a precise moment for  her auspicious wedding.  In this context he  constructed a device consisting of a cup […]