Guillaume Amontons (1663-1705)

One of the reasons that science is a reliable source of knowledge its great reliance on careful measurements in the description of phenomena. This implies the use of instruments. It is no coincidence that the 17th century which saw the blossoming of modern science was also the one in which some of the most basic […]

Fritz Schaudinn

It has been recorded that there was an epidemic of a strange new disease in Europe towards the close of the 15th century. Its early manifestation included soreness in the reproductive organs. It often affected people who had traveled much. So it came to be named in terms of a foreign country: Polish sickness in […]

Manfred Weidhorn. The Person of the Millennium: The unique impact of Gilileo on world history, iUniverse, 2005

Time magazine chose Einstein as the Man of the Century; Weidhorn (Yeshiva University) desc has had the most drastic impact on human history. The gist is that the scientific revolution brought about the most dramatic changes in human thought and culture. Weidhorn lists some major shifts resulting from the scientific revolution: from revelation to experimentation, […]


There comes a time in the life of anyone who has lived beyond fifty when one begins to think about getting old. There are references to it in some scriptures. The Book of Job tells us that “With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding.” In a terse para of the Ecclesiastes, […]

Evarist Galois

Just as there is more to art than portraits and landscapes, there is more to mathematics than numbers and computation, geometrical figures and the calculus. Consider, for example, fifth degree algebraic equations or the even more fascinating conceptual investigation of symmetries; or, exploration into abstract spaces; or the properties of a set of elements which […]

Christopher Partridge (ed.) Introduction to world religions, Fortress, 2005.

Although the arts, music, and literature of the world add to the overall aesthetic quilt that is human culture, religions are often in conflict. This book represents an effort to build bridges of understanding and mutual respect. An introductory chapter, “Understanding Religion,” though incomplete in its references to only a few philosophers and psychologists, is […]

The United Nations Organization

One may consider religions as institutions whose goal is to ensure the moral and spiritual well-being of the communities they serve in a framework of kindness, compassion, and mutual respect, as well as of certain doctrinal beliefs. This is appropriate and useful within particular groups, but what is one to do when one group encounters […]